Simple Steps to Solar

Power from the Sun


Solar energy can be used to generate electricity, to provide hot water, and to heat, cool, and light buildings. Believe it or not, Minnesota has the same solar potential as Tallahassee, FL and Houston, TX!


The Steps

  1. Use energy wisely. Before adding solar energy production, limit your need for additional energy by making your building is as energy efficient as possible. Most utilities have incentives for efficiency improvements, so be sure to ask your utility. Get an energy assessment to find opportunities and check out the Home Energy Guide from the Minnesota Department of Commerce for tips.
  2. Get educated. Understand whether a solar photovoltaic (PV) system will work for you to offset your electric energy use. Other technologies like air source heat pumps, ground source heat pumps, and insulation might better reduce demand for fuels needed to heat buildings. Any one of these technologies might be right for you depending on your energy use or the solar resource available at your site.
  3. Find out if you have a sunny site. You can get a sense for the solar resource at your site using the Minnesota Solar Suitability App. Our Solar Directory provides solar installers that you can consider working with who should start by providing you with a detailed site assessment. If you don't have a good site, you might consider buying renewable energy from your utility or subscribing to a community solar garden.
  4. Know local rules. It’s important to check in with your local city or county about ordinances that might impact your solar project. Though many ordinances consider on-site solar installations as accessory uses, some require setbacks, structural assessments, and screening requirements, for example. Your solar installer should have a good handle on these requirements, but it’s worth knowing these matters in advance.
  5. Figure out your budget. Installers should be able to provide a good cost estimate for a project you’re considering, and incentives can make solar more affordable. Use our simple solar calculator to get an idea of the costs you're looking at. A federal tax credit can cover up to 26% of the project cost and some utilities offer rebates, too. USDA REAP provides grants for up to 25% and loans for up to 75% of the cost for farms and small businesses. Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing could also be a good fit for paying for non-residential projects.
  6. Get bids. We recommend that you compare bids from several solar contractors. You can use our Solar Directory to help you search for solar installers. We also provide a useful set of questions that you can ask companies.
  7. Install solar. Select a company, sign a contract, and install your system. It usually takes from two weeks to two months from the time you sign an agreement to the time a project is completed, depending on the type of solar technology and the incentive process. If installing PV, your contractor will facilitate an interconnection agreement with your electric utility that will allow you to track your production and get paid for excess production with net metering.
  8. Tell your story. You could be inspiration for others! Tell your neighbors, family, friends, colleagues, and local media outlets about your experience so they know how easy and rewarding it is to go solar. You might be surprised how influential you are!

Download Guide

CERTs Simple Steps to Solar Guide
Simple Solar Calculator (XLS)

Tools, stories & opportunities via email

Videos about Solar in Minnesota

In-depth Guide to Solar


Solar Electricity for the Home, Farm, and Business helps you determine if a solar electric system will work for you.

  1. Introduction

  2. Building & Site Assessment

  3. Conservation & Efficiency

  4. System Components

  5. System Sizing

  6. Costs

  7. Installation

  8. Electricity Use Worksheet